In this fact page we will take a look at the UK’s road death and casualty statistics, further analysing the data for each country, road user, road type and demographic.
- Statistics for road death and injury in Great Britain are collated and published by the Department for Transport. The information used to create these statistics are collected by police forces, either through officers attending the scene of crashes or from members of the public reporting a crash in police stations after the incident, or online. The police record crash statistics using a form called Stats19.
- Statistics for Northern Ireland are collated and published by Police Service of Northern Ireland.
Road deaths and serious injuries in the UK
The number of road deaths in the UK has plateaued since 2012 at around 1,850 deaths a year, or the equivalent of five a day, on average.
The trend relating to serious injuries is more difficult to analyse, as the method the police use to record severity has changed in recent years. When accounting for the changes in reporting the estimated number of serious injuries since 2010 has declined slightly, albeit at a slower rate than before 2010. However, the total figure is still in excess of 25,000 serious injuries a year, or the equivalent of around 70 a day, on average.
Road deaths in reported road crashes in Great Britain, 1979-2019, DfT RRCGB 2020
Casualty rate (per bn passenger miles), by transport mode, GB, 2019, DfT RRCGB 2020
Pedestrian deaths / serious injuries
- Children (0-15) = 18 / 1,257
- Young people (16-24) = 41 / 783
- Adults (25-59) = 196 / 2,294
- Adults (60+) = 215 / 1,444
Pedal cyclist deaths / serious injuries
- Children (0-15) = 10 / 373
- Young people (16-24) = 2 / 460
- Adults (25-59) = 57 / 2,368
- Adults (60+) = 31/ 453
Car occupant deaths / serious injuries
- Children (0-15) = 9 / 488
- Young people (16-24) = 149 / 2,186
- Adults (25-59) = 277 / 5,009
- Adults (60+) = 301 / 2,222
Motorcyclist occupant deaths / serious injuries
- Children (0-15) = 1 / 58
- Young people (16-24) = 62 / 1,404
- Adults (25-59) = 224 / 3,321
- Adults (60+) = 49 / 463